How to Properly Brush Your Teeth: Step by Step Guidelines


Oral hygiene is important for your overall health and wellbeing. Brushing your teeth is one of the main ways to maintain good dental health. Unfortunately, not everyone knows how to do this simple task right. Here are some step-by-step guidelines for properly brushing your teeth.

Start With the Right Toothbrush

More than $1.2 billion worth of toothbrushes are sold annually. You need to find one that is right for you. You generally want a soft to medium toothbrush with rounded bristles. This will prevent the toothbrush from damaging your teeth and gums. Replace it every three or four months.

Hold Your Brush the Right Way

Hold your brush at a 45-degree angle to your teeth tilting the bristles towards your gums. Position it so that the bristles are touching both your gums and teeth at the same time. You want to maintain this angle and position of your toothbrush whenever you are brushing. This will help to eliminate bacteria and other debris that could be caught under your gums. You need to brush your gums regularly since close to 9 percent of people have periodontal disease today.

Begin Brushing Gently

You now want to start gently moving the brush across the outer surface of your teeth and your gums in a circular motion. Do this three to five times over each group of teeth. Never press too hard since you could cut your gums or wear away your tooth enamel. Do this for the outside of your upper and lower teeth. Take your time and be thorough. Get the back teeth as well.

Brush the Inside

Reverse the direction of your toothbrush but keep it at a 45-degree angle to where your gums meet the inner walls of your teeth. Brush the inside of your teeth in a similar way to the outside. You will likely need to use a back and forth brushing motion this time since there might not be room for circular moves. Be sure to brush the inner gums as well on both the top and bottom of your mouth.

Scrub the Bite Surfaces

Turn your brush vertically so that it faces the bite or flat surfaces of your teeth. Start making gentle back and forth motions so that you drag the bristles across the flat parts of your teeth. Do the same with the bottoms of your sharper front teeth. Brush every tooth including the ones in the back of your mouth. The last step should be to use your toothbrush to scrub down your tongue. This removes harmful bacteria.

Finish By Rinsing

Finish brushing your teeth by rinsing out your mouth. You can use a mouthwash but should end by rinsing with water. Rinsing is key because it removes all the debris and bacteria that you just dislodged with the toothbrush. The entire brushing process should take at least two minutes.