Stocking a supply kit, defining emergency evacuation plans and fortifying your home for specific types of disasters can make a difference to your survival and the amount of damages your home may incur. Consider these tips to prepare for natural disasters, which could be the key to surviving hurricanes, wild fires, floods and tornadoes.
Keep and maintain a basic emergency supply box that could be used for any type of emergency during a natural disaster.
• Water. Allocate at least one gallon per day per person for three or more days.
• Food. Pack three days of non-perishable foods per person and a can opener.
• First aid kit. Make sure the kit is fully stocked with the basics like bandages, burn ointment, cleansing agents, antibiotic ointments etc.
• Personal needs. Gather prescription medications, eye glasses, baby supplies if needed, clothes and a supply of toilet paper.
• Lights and toolkit. Pack battery powered lanterns and flashlights. Include a basic toolkit containing pliers and wrenches.
Prepare an emergency evacuation plan that defines what steps to take in an emergency, where you’ll meet if you must evacuate, and how to contact each other.
To prepare for a hurricane, remove or trim damaged limbs from trees prior to hurricane season that could become flying missiles. Consider reinforcing doors, windows and your roof to withstand a hurricane. If a hurricane is approaching, listen to broadcasts and determine is you can evacuate safely.
If you are alerted to a wildfire, or you spot one, report the fire to 911, and tune into community broadcasts to listen for evacuation orders.
Fill large containers with water. Make sure all outdoor faucets have long hoses attached to hose down your roof, walls and landscaping near the home.
Prepare to evacuate and move to high ground if there is a chance of flash flooding. Turn off electricity from the switch box and shut down gas at the valve. If your home has more than one level, move furniture upstairs to prevent damage.
Watch the sky for signs of a tornado and check TV and radio stations for warnings. Seek safety in a basement, safe room or a storm cellar. Stay in lower levels of a building and put as many exterior walls between you and the storm as possible.
Don’t attempt to take shelter in mobile homes, which don’t offer the protection to survive tornadoes. Instead, take refuge in designated community buildings, which should be safer.
Natural disasters are always unpredictable. Therefore, you should avoid taking risks and seek safety or shelter whenever possible.